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Pokémon Red redirects here. For the Japanese game with the same name, see Pokémon Red and Green Versions.
Pokémon Blue redirects here. For the Japanese game with the same name, see Pokémon Blue Version (Japanese).
Pokémon Red Version
Red EN boxart.png
Pokémon Red Version's boxart, depicting Charizard
Pokémon Blue Version
Blue EN boxart.png
Pokémon Blue Version's boxart, depicting Blastoise
Basic info
Platform: Game Boy (enhanced for the Super Game Boy), Nintendo 3DS (Virtual Console)
Category: RPG
Players: 2 players simultaneous
Connectivity: Game Link Cable (Game Boy)
3DS Wireless (3DS VC)
Developer: Game Freak
Publisher: Nintendo
Part of: Generation I core series
CERO: Not applicable
ACB: G (Game Boy)
PEGI: 12
GRAC: Not applicable
Release dates
Japan: As Red and Green:
February 27, 1996 (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
As Blue: October 15, 1996 (Game Boy, Comic CoroCoro Comic)
October 10, 1999 (Game Boy, retail)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
North America: September 28, 1998[1] (Game Boy)
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Australia: October 23, 1998
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Europe: October 5, 1999 (Game Boy)[2][3]
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
South Korea: Unreleased
Hong Kong: As Red, Green, and Blue:
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Taiwan: As Red, Green, and Blue:
February 27, 2016 (3DS VC)
Japanese: N/A
English: The Pokémon Company International (Game Boy & Virtual Console)
Nintendo (GB, Red; needs Flash Player Flash Player)
Nintendo (GB, Blue; needs Flash Player)
Nintendo (VC, Red)
Nintendo (VC, Blue)
Strategy Wiki has more about this subject:

Pokémon Red Version and Pokémon Blue Version were the first Pokémon games to be released outside of Japan, becoming available in North America on September 28, 1998,[1] in Australia and New Zealand on October 23, 1998 and in Europe on October 5, 1999.[2][3] In North America, the pair closely followed the debut of the anime's English dub, which began airing on September 8, 1998,[4] and within a year, Pokémon was well known as a popular Nintendo franchise.

Pokémon Red, Blue, and Yellow were released for the Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console in North America, Europe, Australia, and New Zealand on February 27, 2016, the Pokémon 20th Anniversary. This release is compatible with Poké Transporter, which can send Pokémon from this game to Pokémon Bank, where they can be withdrawn in Pokémon Sun, Moon, .

Unlike later generations, Red and Blue were not the same as their corresponding Japanese releases Pokémon Red and Green. Besides Pokémon distribution, the aspects of Red and Blue such as graphics, script, and sprite designs are instead based on Pokémon Blue.

Despite being released towards the end of Game Boy's lifespan, they quickly became the best-selling non-bundled games released for the Game Boy as well as being the best-selling game role-playing games of all time.


201 SPOILER WARNING - this article may contain major plot or ending details.
Proceed at your own risk!

Illustrating the original Pokémon gameplay concepts, the player begins his game in Pallet Town, a small town in the Kanto region, on the same day as his former best friend and now rival. Professor Oak calls the player to his laboratory, and allows the player to choose from the three Kanto starter Pokémon: the Grass-type Bulbasaur, the Fire-type Charmander, or the Water-type Squirtle. After the rival displays jealously, he chooses the starter that has a type advantage against the player's chosen starter and challenges the player to a preliminary battle. Afterwards, the player leaves for his journey across the region, challenging 8 Gym Leaders and other Trainers until he reaches the ultimate goal: the Pokémon League at the Indigo Plateau.

Along the way, the player will meet up with his rival several times and have multiple run-ins with the insidious Team Rocket, a criminal group that seeks to use Pokémon for their own gain. The player will ultimately find out that the boss of this evil group, Giovanni, is actually the final Gym Leader in the game.

At the end of the game, the player will have a battle against the Champion, Blue, after beating the Elite Four.

After the credits, the player will gain access to Cerulean Cave in Cerulean City and be able to battle strong Pokémon. The player will be able to battle and capture the strong legendary Pokémon Mewtwo.


You've finally been granted your Pokémon Trainer's license. Now, it's time to head out to become the world's greatest Pokémon Trainer. It's going to take all you've got to collect 150 Pokémon in this enormous world. Catch and train monsters like the shockingly-cute Pikachu. Face off against Blastoise's torrential water cannons. Stand strong when facing Pidgeot's stormy Gust. Trade with friends and watch your Pokémon evolve. Important—no single Pokémon can win at all. Can you develop the ultimate Pokémon strategy to defeat the eight Gym Leaders and become the greatest Pokémon Master of all time?


Players may trade Pokémon between two cartridges or battle with another cartridge using a Game Boy Game Link Cable. To take full advantage of this feature, several Pokémon are exclusive to each game of the pair and others require trading to evolve, making trading necessary to complete the Pokédex. The games can trade and battle with Western versions of Red, Blue, and Pokémon Yellow. They can also trade with Western versions of Template:Game2 via the Time Capsule. Red and Blue are completely incompatible with games from Generation III onward.

Trades between Pokémon games in different languages are possible; however, a Japanese game cannot connect with a non-Japanese game without causing corruption. This is due to the fact that the games cannot automatically translate the Pokémon data from Japanese to a different language or vice versa, since neither game fully encodes both kana and the alphabet Latin alphabet (only encoding one fully and the other partially). If a battle between a Japanese game and a non-Japanese game is attempted, the battle simply does not work, with the save files left unharmed.

Red and Blue are compatible with Pokémon Stadium and Stadium 2. While link battles are not possible directly between Pokémon Red and Blue and the Generation II games, a player may challenge a Generation II game using Pokémon Stadium 2.

Virtual Console

The Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console releases use 3DS wireless communication as a substitute for the Game Link Cable. Japanese and non-Japanese Generation I core series games do not recognize each other when attempting to link them via 3DS wireless communication.

Using Poké Transporter, the entirety of Box 1 can be sent from the Generation I core series games to Pokémon Bank (regardless of language), from where they can be withdrawn in the Generation VII core series games.



Players are introduced to the first eight Pokémon Gyms of the series, each with their own type affiliation, led by Brock (Rock), Misty (Water), Lt. Surge (Electric), Erika (Grass), Koga (Poison), Sabrina (Psychic), Blaine (Fire) and Giovanni (Ground).

Elite Four

The Elite Four of Kanto are a step above the rest, all located at Indigo Plateau and ready to take on all challengers. In order, they are Lorelei (Ice), Bruno (Fighting), Agatha (Ghost) and Lance (Dragon). The final battle is against the Pokémon Champion, the rival, who does not have a type specialization.


Each game contains pre-recorded data on 151 different species of Pokémon, including Mew, a Pokémon unavailable to players of either game under normal conditions. Despite this, not all Pokémon are available to the player, regardless of version; trades must occur between players in order to complete their Pokédex without the use of cheats or glitches. Mew is the only Pokémon in these games that must be acquired through attending either a Nintendo sponsored event, a glitch, or cheating.

Game exclusives

The following Pokémon are only obtainable in one game of this pair. In order to obtain Pokémon exclusive to the other game of this pair, they must be traded either from that game or from another compatible game of Generation I or Generation II which has that Pokémon available.

023 023 Ekans Poison
024 024 Arbok Poison
043 043 Oddish Grass Poison
044 044 Gloom Grass Poison
045 045 Vileplume Grass Poison
056 056 Mankey Fighting
057 057 Primeape Fighting
058 058 Growlithe Fire
059 059 Arcanine Fire
123 123 Scyther Bug Flying
125 125 Electabuzz Electric
027 027 Sandshrew Ground
028 028 Sandslash Ground
037 037 Vulpix Fire
038 038 Ninetales Fire
052 052 Meowth Normal
053 053 Persian Normal
069 069 Bellsprout Grass Poison
070 070 Weepinbell Grass Poison
071 071 Victreebel Grass Poison
126 126 Magmar Fire
127 127 Pinsir Bug

Differences in the Virtual Console release

The Nintendo 3DS Virtual Console releases can link with other Virtual Console Generation I and II core series games via Nintendo 3DS wireless communication, simulating the Game Link Cable. When initiating a link, the Virtual Console menu on the touch screen replaces the Cable Club attendant's dialogue.

Using Poké Transporter, Pokémon can be sent from the Generation I core series games to Pokémon Bank, from which they can be withdrawn in the Generation VII core series games.

The moves Blizzard, BubbleBeam, Confusion, Dream Eater, Explosion, Guillotine, Hyper Beam, Mega Kick, Mega Punch, Psychic, Reflect, Rock Slide, Selfdestruct, Spore, and Thunderbolt had their animations changed slightly to tone down the flashing.


This section is about general development info. For development leftovers and unused content, see Pokémon Red and Green beta.
050Diglett.png This section is incomplete. Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Wikipedia has nifty info from official sources. Post it and cite it here.

As Red, Green, and Blue

Female player character

Artwork of the female protagonist, where she apparently has a Squirtle

There were originally plans for a female protagonist as suggested by the artwork on the cover of the official guidebook for Pokémon Red and Green and Pokémon Blue. Green from Pokémon Adventures seems to be based on her. The character was redesigned and included in the remakes of the games, to continue the standard of including a female protagonist.

No Mew present

According to the interview by Satoru Iwata with Tsunekazu Ishihara and Shigeki Morimoto about the release of Pokémon HeartGold and SoulSilver, localized as Iwata Asks, they admitted that after the debugging tools were removed, they added Mew in the remaining space on the memory ROM. Nintendo thought that this would have been risky because altering the internal data after completing the testing period meant that any new bug bugs and/or glitches created by adding data without referring to debugging tools would have been much harder to fix. Standard programming programming practices usually discourage altering the code source code and not testing it just before releasing the software to the customer.[5]

Poké Balls

Main article: Poké Ball

Some concept art depicts Poké Balls on the ground, in two pieces. This is most likely just a carryover from when Pokémon was still the concept of Capsule Monsters. Strangely, the original Poké Ball sprites from Pokémon Red and Green lack the button in the center of the Poké Ball.

Rebattling Trainers

In an interview with Shōko Nakagawa in her book Shōko Nakagawa: Pokémon Taught Me The Meaning of Life, Tsunekazu Ishihara revealed that originally, the game was programmed to trigger a battle with each Trainer any time the player walked by them, even if the player had already defeated them in battle previously. The wild Pokémon encounter rate was also significantly higher originally. The Trainer rebattling was omitted from the final release and the wild Pokémon encounter rate was significantly reduced.[6]

Concept art

Early concept art by Ken Sugimori

During a gaming exhibition called On (exhibition) Game On, early concept art of Pokémon Red and Green by Ken Sugimori was featured, along with pre-release material from Pokémon Ruby and Sapphire. The concept art depicts rough versions of various concepts that made it into the final releases of the Generation I games. They seem to include various battles, the Safari Zone, Red riding on a Lapras, a Blastoise, Celadon City, Silph Co., and a town with a fountain which could have been reworked into Celadon City. Some other Pokémon are identifiable in a raw or semi-normal form, such as Gastly, and others are prototypical of an entire class of Pokémon, such as a basic Dragon-type.

GameCenter CX

050Diglett.png This section is incomplete. Please feel free to edit this section to add missing information and complete it.
Reason: Expand based on the information provided by Satoshi Tajiri, if applicable.

A Japan-exclusive special Pokémon episode of CX GameCenter CX, known as Retro Game Master outside of Japan, included an interview with Satoshi Tajiri, where he revealed early Pokémon character profiles of Nidoking, Slowbro and Kadabra. Notably, they are given a National Pokédex number which matches their internal index number, rather than their final Kanto Pokédex number. Nidoking, for instance, is noted as being #007, rather than #034, either suggesting that there was another method of ordering the Pokémon proposed, or that they reflect their ordering in the internal data. The latter is supported by interviews with Ken Sugimori, which verify that Rhydon, which has an index number of 001, was the first Pokémon ever created, and early sketches from Capsule Monsters featuring Rhydon. Nidoking is also referred to as 「マイコー♂」 Maikō♂, indicating that there were either placeholders or alternate names for Pokémon before the development of Pokémon Red and Green had finished.

In addition to this, it was confirmed in an interview with Shigeki Morimoto that there were originally going to be 190 Pokémon in Generation I, indicating that the 39 MissingNo. found in the internal index are formatted Pokémon.[7]


The earlier Pokémon sprites planned for the Japanese Blue

Different front sprites of Pokémon were planned for Pokémon Blue, notably the ones for Raticate, Rhydon, Ditto, Dragonair and Mewtwo. These were featured in the November 1996 issue of CoroCoro, which published general information about the game.[8]

As Red and Blue

Pokémon names

Unidentified poster showing early names for Generation I Pokémon

During the promotional period that preceded the English release of both the anime and Pokémon Red and Blue, a large amount of Pokémon were shown with different names from those they had in the final releases. Some of these names were similar to their final names, but some were quite close to their Japanese names, and others were completely different from any current Pokémon name.

#   Final name Early name Japanese name
014 Kakuna Kakuna Kokoon Cocoon
016 Pidgey Pidgey Pidge Poppo
018 Pidgeot Pidgeot Pidgeott Pigeot
019 Rattata Rattata Rattatak Koratta
023 Ekans Ekans Arbo/"Nagahis" Arbo
024 Arbok Arbok Nagaasp Arbok
028 Sandslash Sandslash Sandstorm Sandpan
035 Clefairy Clefairy Aria Pippi
036 Clefable Clefable Ariala Pixy
037 Vulpix Vulpix Foxfire Rokon
038 Ninetales Ninetales Ninetai Kyukon
039 Jigglypuff Jigglypuff Pudding Purin
040 Wigglytuff Wigglytuff Custard Pukurin
043 Oddish Oddish Ladish Nazonokusa
046 Paras Paras Parasyte Paras
050 Diglett Diglett Digda Digda
058 Growlithe Growlithe Flamie Gardie
059 Arcanine Arcanine Blaze Windie
060 Poliwag Poliwag Aqua Nyoromo
061 Poliwhirl Poliwhirl "Aquanau" Nyorozo
062 Poliwrath Poliwrath "Aquamar" Nyorobon
063 Abra Abra Hocus Casey
064 Kadabra Kadabra Pocus Yungerer
066 Machop Machop Kara-tee Wanriky
067 Machoke Machoke Kung-foo Goriky
068 Machamp Machamp Ju-doh Kairiky
072 Tentacool Tentacool Jilly Menokurage
073 Tentacruel Tentacruel Man O War Dokukurage
078 Rapidash Rapidash Gallop Gallop
079 Slowpoke Slowpoke Slowmo Yadon
081 Magnemite Magnemite Coil Coil
082 Magneton Magneton Recoil Rarecoil
083 Farfetch'd Farfetch'd Fowler Kamonegi
084 Doduo Doduo Dodo Dodo
087 Dewgong Dewgong Manaty Jugon
092 Gastly Gastly Spirit Ghos
093 Haunter Haunter Spectre Ghost
094 Gengar Gengar Phantom Gangar
096 Drowzee Drowzee Sleeper Sleep
099 Kingler Kingler Kingle Kingler
102 Exeggcute Exeggcute "Eggstre" Tamatama
103 Exeggutor Exeggutor "Eggscut" Nassy
104 Cubone Cubone Orphon Karakara
105 Marowak Marowak Guardia Garagara
106 Hitmonlee Hitmonlee Lee Sawamular
107 Hitmonchan Hitmonchan Chan Ebiwalar
108 Lickitung Lickitung Tonguetyd Beroringa
109 Koffing Koffing Ny Dogars
110 Weezing Weezing La Matadogas
113 Chansey Chansey Lucky Lucky
114 Tangela Tangela Meduza/Medusa Monjara
118 Goldeen Goldeen Goldy Tosakinto
119 Seaking Seaking Neptune Azumao
123 Scyther Scyther Stryke Strike
130 Gyarados Gyarados Skulkraken Gyarados
131 Lapras Lapras Ness Laplace
132 Ditto Ditto Morpho Metamon
133 Eevee Eevee Eon Eievui
137 Porygon Porygon Poregon Porygon
138 Omanyte Omanyte Ess Omnite
139 Omastar Omastar Kargo Omstar
140 Kabuto Kabuto Att Kabuto
141 Kabutops Kabutops Lantis Kabutops
142 Aerodactyl Aerodactyl Ptera Ptera
147 Dratini Dratini Dragoon Miniryu
148 Dragonair Dragonair Dragyn Hakuryu


"The <sc>Brock</sc> wants to fight!"

Before the English releases of Pokémon Red and Blue, screenshots were released of a battle with the rival where the text string "The <sc>Blue</sc> wants to fight!" was used. While this text would work with a typical Trainer, such as "The <sc>Lass</sc> wants to fight!" or "The <sc>Hiker</sc> wants to fight!", as they were not given personal names until Generation II, it would cause problems with Gym Leader, Elite Four, rival, and link battles, causing them to read "The <sc>Misty</sc> wants to fight!" or "The <sc>Lance</sc> wants to fight!", as these Trainers did not at the time have titles, only their names. Because of this, the (grammar)#Definite article definite article The was dropped in the final releases, leading to the somewhat odd sentence style in Generations I and II of:

  • "{Trainer's class or name} wants to fight!"RBY
  • "{Trainer's class and name} wants to battle!"GSC

A screenshot in the instruction manual and player's guide of English Red and Blue still contains the text "The <sc>Brock</sc> wants to fight!", possibly suggesting a late removal. The instruction manual also mentions Pokémon Leaders instead of Gym Leaders.

A slightly different grammar was also going to be used for other text strings.

  • "{Player} sent {Pokémon} out!" instead of "{Player} sent out {Pokémon}!"
  • "A wild {Pokémon} appeared!" became just "Wild {Pokémon} appeared!" (this change would be reverted in Pokémon Diamond and Pearl, where it has been kept since then)

"<sc>Oddish Cut</sc> down a bush!"

On page 31 of Player's Guide Nintendo Player's Guide for Pokémon Red and Blue, a different text string for using Cut on a tree in the overworld was used. It reads "<sc>Oddish Cut</sc> down a bush!", being used in a screenshot when cutting down the tree next to the Vermilion City Gym. The fact that Cut can also be used to destroy areas of tall grass may have been the reason for the change to "{Pokémon} hacked away with <sc>Cut</sc>!" in the final releases.

Pokémon Pokémon Red has VRAM tileset data for <sc>Green</sc>. Pokémon Pokémon Blue lacks any equivalent data for <sc>Red</sc>, however.[9]


The games received positive reviews from the press, receiving a perfect 10/10 "Masterful" rating from IGN.[10] The games received an average score of about 89% on GameRankings,[11] the second highest on the site for a core series Pokémon game, and the 3rd and 4th best score for a Game Boy title.[12]


While bringing Pokémon to international fame and continuing the legacy of the Japanese Red and Green, Pokémon Red and Blue have been met with much criticism, especially compared to more recent releases in the series. Aside from the number of glitches present in the games, many Pokémon look very little like their appearance in the anime, which premiered nearly simultaneous with the games' North American release, or later games, which improved on several other aspects as well as the graphics.

The two games are also notorious for their several drastic glitches, among them the fabled MissingNo., Glitch City, and the Mew glitch. Despite this, the glitches are arguably minimal points of criticism due to the reward value that comes from their activation, such as the multiplication of a player's sixth item that happens when MissingNo. is encountered.

Spr 1b 109.png


Koffing's Red and Blue sprite Koffing's Generation V sprite


Main article: Game Boy: Entire Pokémon Sounds Collection CD

The soundtrack release for Template:Game2 also applies to Pokémon Red and Blue.


Main article: Staff of Pokémon Red and Blue


  • The American staff in charge of localizing the games tried to change the Pokémon designs; however, Tsunekazu Ishihara refused the proposal.[13]
  • The blurb on the back of the boxes states that 139 different Pokémon can be obtained in each game without trading. This, however, includes all Pokémon that the player must choose between (i.e., both the Omanyte and Kabuto families are counted). Therefore, the true total of different Pokémon obtainable in one adventure without trading is 124, which excludes the two unchosen starter families, one Fossil family, two Eeveelutions, one of Hitmonlee and Hitmonchan, and the four Pokémon that only evolve when traded.
    • This obtainable is based on the Caught status in the Pokédex. However, if one of each Pokémon is counted to be on your Box, this will further go down to 120. This excludes the first two stages of the starter Pokémon you chose, the first stage of the Fossil family, and Eevee.
  • According to the Pokémon Pokédex Collector's Edition (Prima's Official Pokémon Guide), Red and Blue were developed by a team of nine members.
  • Prior to the Virtual Console release announcement, Pokémon.com listed Pokémon Red, Blue, and Yellow with a PEGI rating of 3.[14]
  • Because Pokémon Red and Blue's script is based on a translation of the script of Pokémon Blue but use the in-game trades from Pokémon Red and Green, two translation errors related to these trades occur.
    • The man who trades the player an Electrode on Cinnabar Island claims that the Raichu he received "went and evolved". As Raichu does not have an evolved form, this is not possible. In the context of Japanese Pokémon Blue, it makes sense as the player trades away a Kadabra, which evolves through trade, for a Graveler.
    • The old man who trades the player a Jynx in Cerulean City claims that the Poliwhirl he received "went and evolved". As Poliwhirl cannot evolve via trade in Generation I, this is not possible. In the context of Japanese Pokémon Blue, the old man trades away a Haunter for a Machoke, which does evolve through trade.
  • An error made during development causes the Pokémon depicted during Professor Oak's introductory lecture to be a Nidorino but with the cry of a Nidorina. This error was inherited from the Japanese Red, Green, and Blue games.
  • The boxarts for Pokémon Red, Pokémon Yellow and Pokémon Silver are the only three instances where the English Pokémon logo is shown partially covered by some element (in this case, Charizard's head).
  • In the Canadian French manual for Pokémon Blue, Pokémon is often misspelled as "Pokémons".
  • Several official sources, such as Pokémon.com[15] and Iwata Asks interview,[16] incorrectly state that these games were released in Europe on June 10, 1999. This error appears to have come from the confusion of American and European date formats (the game was released in different parts of Europe on different days from October 5 to 8).

In other languages

Language Title
French Canada Flag.png Canada Pokémon Version bleue*
Pokémon version bleue*
France Flag.png Europe Pokémon Version Rouge et Version Bleue
Germany Flag.png German Pokémon Rote Edition und Blaue Edition
Italy Flag.png Italian Pokémon Versione Rossa e Versione Blu
Brazil Flag.png Brazilian Portuguese Pokémon Versão Vermelha e Versão Azul
Spain Flag.png Spanish Pokémon Edición Roja y Edición Azul

See also

  • Red and Blue walkthrough

External links


Generation I: Red & GreenBlue (JP)Red & BlueYellow
Generation II: Gold & SilverCrystal
Generation III: Ruby & SapphireFireRed & LeafGreenEmerald
Generation IV: Diamond & PearlPlatinumHeartGold & SoulSilver
Generation V: Black & WhiteBlack 2 & White 2
Generation VI: X & YOmega Ruby & Alpha Sapphire
Generation VII: Sun & MoonUltra Sun & Ultra Moon
Let's Go, Pikachu! & Let's Go, Eevee!‎
Generation VIII: Sword & Shield
Pokémon game templates

File:Project Games logo.png This game-related article is part of Project Games, a Bulbapedia project that aims to write comprehensive articles on the Pokémon games.

de:Pokémon Rote Edition und Blaue Edition es:Pokémon Rojo y Pokémon Azul fr:Pokémon Versions Rouge et Bleue it:Pokémon Rosso e Blu